Titus' visit to Memphis

نوع المستند : المقالة الأصلية


Faculty of Archaeology – Cairo University


This paper deals with the visit of Titus to Egypt, especially the city of Memphis, the temple of Ptah and the Serapeum, after the destruction of Jerusalem in 69/70 AD, in light of the accounts of classical historians such as the Roman historian "Suetonius" as the most important sources that dealt with this visit. This article also aims to explain the importance of this visit to Roman religious policy towards Egyptian beliefs and deities, and its change from rejection during the reign of Emperor Augustus to acceptance during the reign of the Flavian dynasty. Titus' visit to Memphis is similar to that of his father, Emperor Vespasian, to Alexandria, where they both went to visit the main temple in both cities; The Temple of Serapis in Alexandria and the Temple of Ptah in Memphis. The visit of Titus also bears a clear indication of the passion of the emperors of the Flavian dynasty for Alexander the Great and their great desire to take advantage of any occasion to imitate him.

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